In the last election the Liberals campaigned on bringing in electoral reform, and are now looking to make good on that promise.
But what exactly are they trying to fix? What’s wrong with our current electoral system? And what are the advantages and disadvantages of their alternatives they are looking through?
The case against FPTP
The common complaint with our current First-Past-The-Post (FPTP) system is that it doesn’t seem to reflect voters’ wishes. Under it a candidate doesn’t need a majority of the vote to get elected; he only needs one vote more than the second place finisher. So, for example, in the 2015 Federal election that meant one candidate – the NDP’s Brigette Sansoucy – was able to win a seat in the House of Commons even though she received only 28.7 per cent of the vote. In her riding almost three quarters of voters picked someone else, and yet she is still their elected representative.
The FPTP system also allowed the Liberals to win a decided majority of the seats (54.4 per cent) even though they had a decided minority of the votes (just 39.5 per cent)....